The soviet afghan war anthony tuckerjones this photographic history of the soviet afghan war of 1979 to 1989 gives a fascinating insight into a grim conflict that prefigured the americanled campaign in that country. May 04, 1979 afghan pilots have been training at soviet helicopter schools, the sources said, but it is uncertain whether they are ready yet to fly the new helicopters. Claims that soviet pilots bombed the palace overlook the availability of. Collect russia features soviets in afghanistan soviet russian. Soviet helicopter pilots developed tricks to counter the afghan earlywarning system. The sovietafghan war was a conflict wherein insurgent groups known collectively as the mujahideen, as well as smaller maoist groups, fought a guerrilla war against the soviet army and the democratic republic of afghanistan government. The soviet union was not satisfied with the afghan pilot training system. The soviet war in afghanistan, 1979 1989 the atlantic. Boozing through the sovietafghan war was more horrifying. This is the 7th book on the sovietafghan war ive read, and lester grau kept up his reputation with this book for historical investigative detail. The secret history of the cia, afghanistan, and bin laden, from the soviet invasion to september 10, 2001 paperback december 28, 2004. The photos, starting in 1988, span afghanistans immediate postsoviet era, the agonizing civil war of the 1990s, the period of taliban rule from 1996 to 2001, the u. Existing explanations attribute the breakdown of the soviet union to the reformist leadership of gorbachev, andor to systemic factors.
During the last years of the cold war, the soviet union sent some of its most elite troops to unfamiliar lands in central asia to fight a vaguely defined. The ana, or what had remained of it, was completely destroyed by the civil war of 19921994, and the subsequent years of taliban rule. Im trying to find out some information on the fate of soviet aircrew who were forced down in the afghan campaign from beginning to end. The soviet war in afghanistan was a war initially fought between the forces of the afghanistan government and afghan assistance fighters, supporter from abroad. Prior knowledge of it does appear to have been highly likely. Primer on russian afghan war, 19791989, lessons learned dave shunk 26 december 2008 col dave shunk, usaf, ret. This book, the sovietafghan war 197989, by gregory fermontbarnes, is an entry in osprey publishings essential history series. Few people are more respected or better positioned to speak on the soviet invasion of afghanistan than m. Soviet buildup seen at afghan frontier the new york. Primer on russian afghan war, 19791989, lessons learned. Newspaper, womens equality pravda, on the path to a great emancipation, march 8, 1929. When order was restored, only a few soviet built biplanes remained serviceable, and the majority of pilots in afghanistanactually soviet airmen had departed kabul. When i was interviewing veterans of the sovietafghan war for my doctorate, many and horrifying were the accounts of parties fueled by aftershave, rosewater, and rubbing alcohol. In the great gamble, gregory feifer examines the conflict from the perspective of the soldiers on the ground.
Sarin and dvoretsky state that the stingers inflicted heavy losses on soviet pilots, and that the combat effectiveness of soviet air operations was lessened greatly when the stinger was introduced into afghanistan. It was fought over nine years, from december 1979 to february 1989, mostly in the afghan countryside. Afghan pilots have been training at soviet helicopter schools, the sources said, but it is uncertain whether they are ready yet to fly the new helicopters. Sometimes referred to as the soviets version of the vietnam war, the soviet war in afghanistan ended up being a losing battle for the soviet union, and in many ways, accelerated the dissolution of communism in the east. Russian pilot found after three decades missing in afghanistan. The military hierarchy denied the enlisted men legal access to drink, yet fighting a highstress and in the early years, at least officially unacknowledged. All the army was doing for the next several months was to fire ss1b scuds at different concentrations of mujaheddins over. One of the most effective was flying low to avoid early detection and deny targeting time to the enemy. On november 24, 1960, a royal afghan air force pilot abdus samad fazli defected by flying his piper cub across the border to pakistan on february 26, 1981, afghan air force pilot captain jamal ud din defected with his crew to pakistan on board a mil mi8t helicopter numbered 285, during postmaintenance flight test from kandahar air base on november 20, 1983, captain mohammed. I know that the soviet s lost a lot of choppers over there, and im trying to. During the crisis year of 1979, the afghan communist government made thirteen requests for soviet military intervention.
Afghan pilot training at mazarishari airport in the late. The soviet invasion had enormous implications on the global stage. In the end, the mujahideen prevailed and the soviet army was forced to withdraw from afghanistan in february 1989, having lost tens of thousands killed and wounded. These ex soviet pilots are living lives that would frighten. The sovietafghan war 197989 essential histories book 75. Of the leaders of the afghan resistance, the most famous was ahmed shah massoud, or the lion of panjshir, who commanded thousands of troops against the soviet occupiers.
Afghans are switching from russian to us helicopters, but. Around a million afghan men, women and children died in the war. After the soviet pullout, in 1989, the official afghan army retreated into the larger cities, fortifying them in the process. The soviet union began assisting the peoples republic of china in its establishment of a modern air force in 1950, when soviet air force regiments were sent to train local pilots. Soviet air confrontations with pakistan air force, during.
In the war, the soviet army also lost hundreds of aircraft, and billions worth of other military machines. Some soviet troops became extremely ill with combined cholerashigellosis because of a severe lack of clean water 82. Are there any good books about the sovietafghan war. Soviet war in afghanistan simple english wikipedia, the. He follows this account with a firsthand report of the 1979 invasion, and analyzes the intervention from political, military, and economic perspectives. Kennedy school of government, from 1995 to 1997, subsequently. Moscow, in turn, gave all the correct reasons for not deploying ground troops. Russian pilot returns home from taliban captivity in. The entry of the soviet union into the country caused an. Without proper equipment and training, the afghanistan government was unable to resist the opposition,called the mujahedeen, eventually seeking the aid of the soviet union. The soviet war in afghanistan was a grueling debacle that has striking lessons for the twentyfirst century. Dozens of books and hundreds of articles dealing with the war and the afghan resistance have already been published. Soviet buildup seen at afghan frontier the new york times.
This is what a day with the afghan air force looks like the. Theyll run food or medicine, guns or drugs, for the highest bidder. The air forces were formed from components of the imperial russian air service in. Niloofar rhmani recently became afghanistans first female pilot in three decades. The hitandrun bloodletting across the wars decade tallied more than. Chinas involvement in the korean war in late october 1950 inevitably drew soviet pilots into the war. We feature orders, medals, ids and other attributes of power. Ria novosti reported that 125 soviet planes were shot down in afghanistan during the course of the war between 1979 and 1989. Jun 28, 2008 predicting the soviet invasion of afghanistan. Russian military could be drawn back into afghanistan world. The secret history of the cia, afghanistan, and bin laden from the soviet invasion to september 10, 2001 by. Soviet occupation troops in afghanistan were greatly affected by shigella, which was reportedly responsible for 14% of all infectious diseases seen by soviet medical personnel. They sent more advisors, pilot instructors and modern l39c albatros trainer aircrafts to afghanistan.
Since january soviet military advisers are said to have taken over virtual control of the afghan army, and more recently soviet pilots have reportedly flown helicopter gunships in. While most toiled in industry, transport, agriculture and other civilian roles, working double shifts to free up enlisted men to fight and increase military production, a sizable number of women served in the army. The mujahideen groups were backed primarily by the. Aug 10, 2017 the afghan controllers are a part of a yearold training program that is quickly becoming more important as the afghans take on more air missions. Besides the afghan trainers, soviet pilots also gave lessons to the afghan students at the 393rd training air regiment in mazarisharif and dehdadi airports. The united states began retraining the afghan national army ana in 2003. Endemic infectious diseases of afghanistan clinical. The soviet invasion of its neighbour afghanistan in december 1979 sparked a bloody nineyear conflict in that country until soviet forces withdrew in 198889, dooming the communist afghanistan government to defeat at the hands of the mujahideen, the afghan popular resistance backed by the usa and other powers. The breakdown of the soviet union surprised most scholars of international relations, comparative politics, and soviet politics. Soviet mig15 aces of the korean war by leonid krylov, yuriy.
Afghans said to obtain soviet copter gunships the new. Dec 22, 1979 since january soviet military advisers are said to have taken over virtual control of the afghan army, and more recently soviet pilots have reportedly flown helicopter gunships in missions against. The sovietafghan war 19791989 gregory fremontbarnes. I learned more about the details of this war in a single chapter from this book than i have in all the other books combined. Feb 20, 2007 soviet helicopter pilots developed tricks to counter the afghan earlywarning system. Soviet mig15 aces of the korean war by leonid krylov. A former soviet soldier lives among afghans when the last soviet general left afghanistan in 1989, he declared that none of his soldiers were left behind. Hi guys, firstly, may i say that i am not a helicopter pilot, though it was always my ambition to become one, sadly i wasnt gifted enough.
The war in afghanistan, now in its ninth year and already the longest war in soviet history, has presented military analysts and soviet experts with a unique opportunity to gain insights into soviet political and operational behavior in a military conflict. An emotional scene at the airport is not uncommon but one russian pilot had an extra special reason to celebrate. Andrei sakharov openly said the action of soviet army in afghanistan was wrong. Soviet invasion of afghanistan, military action carried out in late december 1979 by soviet troops. The soviet war in afghanistan in pictures, 19791989.
Afghanistan war, 197892, conflict between anticommunist muslim afghan guerrillas mujahidin and afghan government and soviet forces. Medals and militaria of communist afghanistan collect russia. Voyennovozdushnye sily vvs, literally military air forces was the official designation of one of the air forces of the soviet union. A lowflying afghan helicopter gunship in snowcapped valley along salang highway provides cover for a soviet convoy sending food and fuel to kabul, afghanistan, on january 30, 1989. The soviet union intervened in support of the afghan communist government in its conflict with anticommunist muslim guerrillas during the afghan war 197892 and remained in. The government of afghan president mohammed daoud khan came to a violent end in what was called the saur revolution when insurgent troops led by the peoples democratic party of afghanistan pdpa stormed his kabul palace on april 27, 1978. Theyll fly in planes that are held together by spit and duct tape.
Given the friction that soon developed between khalq and soviet officials, especially over the purging of parcham, soviet control of the coup seems unlikely. Essay about americas involvement in the soviet afghan war 33 words pages. The battles for zhawar in the soviet afghan war by lester w. Sovietafghanistan war overview history of war in the. Afghan female military pilot gives wing to young girls. The soviet defeat changed the course of world politics.
List of soviet aircraft losses during the sovietafghan. Extensive price list for thousands of authentic items representing history of soviet empire from 1917 to 1991 with emphasis on early years and war with nazi germany. More than 15,000 soviet soldiers died there, and probably more than a million afghan civilians. Sep 01, 20 afghan female military pilot gives wing to young girls dreams 2 nd lt. Soviet service during world war ii under the lendlease agreement with the us during wwii, the soviet union received large quantities of war materiel, including many aircraft.
The battles for zhawar in the sovietafghan war by lester w. The russianukrainian film the 9th company, for example, became a blockbuster in the former ussr earning millions of dollars and also representing a new trend in russia in which some domestic films are drawing russian audiences away from hollywood staples. Soviet women played an important role in world war ii whose eastern front was known as the great patriotic war in the soviet union. Afghans said to obtain soviet copter gunships the new york. Grau and ali ahmad jalali foreign military studies office, fort leavenworth, ks. For most of the 1930s, the afghan air arm remained on its own and managed to maintain only a few aircraft in flying condition.
In gripping detail, he vividly depicts the invasion of a volatile country that no power has ever successfully conquered. He said that even though afghan and soviet pilots were housed in different compounds, he was aware of. Firstly, may i say that i am not a helicopter pilot, though it was always my ambition to become one, sadly i wasnt gifted enough. Americas involvement in the soviet afghan war the worst case scenario for the united states in the late 70s and early 80s was the threat of the soviet invasion of iran and subsequent control of the saudi oil fields. The afghanistan war and the breakdown of the soviet union. The war in afghanistan 19791989 has been called the soviet unions vietnam war, a conflict that pitted soviet regulars against a relentless, elusive, and ultimately unbeatable afghan guerrilla force the mujahideen. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. The conflict had its origins in the 1978 coup that overthrew afghan president sardar muhammad daud khan, who had come to power by ousting the king in 1973. The book follows, step by step, the evoution of the race to power of the afghan communist party and then how the soviet union was compelled to transform her support to a military intervention because of her incapacity to control the real fights exploded between the two wings of the afghan communist party until the final retreat on 1989.
May 10, 2019 soviet helicopter pilots in afghanistan. The shoulderfired, heatseeking missile supplied to the afghan resistance by the cia during the soviet invasion of afghanistan, is capable of bringing down lowflying planes and helicopters. To quote from ospreys web page, each essential histories book studies the origins, politics, fighting and repercussions of one major war or theatre of war, from both military and civilian perspectives. The sovietafghan war had an important impact in popular culture in the west, due to its scope, and the great number of countries involved. The soviet ussr intervention in afghanistan from 19791989 was a long drawn out conflict that bled supposedly unending soviet resources, and ultimately helped lead to a global shift in power. Sep 15, 2011 a long, turbulent journey for afghan female pilot latifa nabizada began her air force career more than two decades ago, when the soviet union was still occupying afghanistan. The intelligence communitys record douglas maceachin served as cias deputy director for intelligence from 1993 to 1995 during his thirtytwo year career at cia.
When soviet troops pulled out in 1989, about 300 soldiers were listed. The destruction and rebuilding of the afghan air force, 1989. A soviet military writer describes the dilemma which surrounds the conduct of air support. Over 15,000 soviet troops got killed in afghanistan from 1979 until 1989. Claims that soviet pilots bombed the palace overlook the availability of seasoned afghan pilots. Schiffer publishing the bell p39 airacobra and p63 kingcobra fighters. The sovietafghan war by members of the russian general staff, and translated by lester grau and michael gross, is a summary overview of the soviet experience. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. But neither side could prevail until the introduction of stinger missiles, which afghans used. Maceachin was an officer in residence at harvard universitys john f. Articles and images published in soviet newspapers on march 8, international communist womans day, provide the most obvious examples of how women were used as symbols in a propaganda campaign. However, the afghan resistance, the mujahideen, was heavily supported by a wide variety of international actors, including the us, pakistan, saudi arabia, iran, china, and egypt.1262 1105 1613 879 74 200 933 1220 339 381 1610 1034 284 20 1162 142 1315 12 909 788 498 1236 590 728 715 881 1056 181 651 593